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“Enough violence and murder to satisfy the most
bloodthirsty reader”
--N.Y. Times Book Review
It Ain't Hay, 1st ed.

It Ain’t Hay


Publishing History

  • Blue Book Magazine. Vol. 84, no. 1 (Nov. 1946)
  • New York: Simon and Schuster, 1946
  • New York: Unicorn Press Publishers, 1947
  • New York: Dell Publishing Company, 1949 (Dell 270; reissued as Dell 350)
  • As A Drug on the Market London: Michael Joseph, 1949
  • As A Drug on the Market London: Transworld Publishers, 1953 (Corgi Books T8)

Series Character


  • San Francisco and Half Moon Bay, California


   The doctor ... said, “Was your husband in the army, Mrs. Whitney?”
   “No. Why?”
   “I never saw a public accountant before with bullet scars in his abdomen.”
   “He isn’t an ordinary public accountant.”
   It Ain’t Hay, Chapter 7


   The action begins in David Dodge’s final Whit Whitney mystery when Barney Steele, “wearing a two hundred dollar suit, a thirty dollar hat, and a glossy black beard that made him look very little like the crook he was,” comes to Whit’s office seeking tax advice regarding income derived from illegal activities. Steele owns a tuna clipper, the Sea Witch, that he uses to smuggle marijuana from Mexico into San Francisco.

   When Whit begins to suspect the source of Steele’s extra income, he sets him up so that the cops, who have never heard of Barney Steele, can get a look at him. Whit pretends to be interested in Steele’s problems in order to stall for time and get as much information out of him as possible. When Steele realizes that Whit has no intention of working for him, he retaliates by having his strong-arm man Tony Barreiro and two “zoot-suiters” work him over.

It Ain't Hay, Dell 270

   Whit then sets out on a course of revenge—he agrees to help the police secure evidence against Steele on the condition that he get a few minutes alone with him before the cops pinch him—that strains his friendship with Lieutenant Webster, endangers his marriage, causes him to experiment with “hay,” and leads him into a brief relationship with a beautiful Spanish dancer, who happens to be Tony’s girl.

   Whit, Webster, officers from the Justice Department’s Division of Narcotic Enforcement, and Iris Powell—widow of Elmo Powell, the man Steele eventually hires to do his tax return—are all on hand when Steele returns to Half Moon Bay after his latest “fishing trip.” During the raid that leaves Tony on ice (literally) in the refrigerator well of the ship and Steele’s hatchetman Joe Gutter dead, Whit exacts his revenge in the wheelhouse of the Sea Witch.

   This novel signals Dodge’s shift away from the “screwball” school of mystery writing—leaving all comparisons to Dashiell Hammett’s The Thin Man behind—and towards a more hard-boiled approach. Much of the witty banter between Whit and Kitty that was so prevalent in the earlier Whitney novels is missing from this one. With Whit’s descent into drugs, revenge, and infidelity, it is certainly Dodge’s darkest novel.

A Drug on the Market, 1949
A Drug on the Market, 1953


Cast of Characters

Tony Barreiro
Preston Baxter
The Chief
Frank Escombro
Santiago Escombro
Joe Gutter
Miss Kelly
Swede Larson
Tom Lucas
Rosa Maria Martín
John Miller
Elmo Powell
Iris Powell
Marko Rajkovich
Barney Steele
Kitty Whitney
Whit Whitney
Max Zoller

Book Reviews

Previous novel Bullets for the Bridegroom (1944)
The Long Escape (1948) Next novel

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