Irvin Louis Koons, known professionally as Irv Koons, was born on March 14, 1922 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the son of Frank and Rose (Silver) Koons. His father owned a printing shop and, as a teenager, Koons began assisting in the family business by designing items for their clients. In 1932, his older sister, Eleanor Pearl Koons, drowned in a local swimming pool at age 14. Shortly thereafter, the family moved to Reading, Pennsylvania. In 1939, after graduating from Reading High School early at the age of 16, Koons went to New York City, where he studied art at the Pratt Institute. With only $100 in his pocket when he arrived in New York, Koons worked his way through school by teaching art in settlement houses, selling his class projects, and washing dishes. In 1942, after taking a course in camouflage design, he was drafted into the U.S. Army and trained in the infantry and the amphibious engineers. Just before his unit was deployed for combat, he was reassigned to a Special Services unit in Fort Meade, Maryland, where he designed stage sets for Broadway shows traveling to overseas army posts to entertain the troops. He was then assigned to New York to work as a designer/illustrator for the Armys Information and Education Division before being sent to New Delhi, India to work as art director for the China Burma India Theater of Operations. Despite still only being in his early twenties, Koons was assigned the position of acting cultural attaché for the United States Information Agency in India and the U.S. State Department. He also served as art critic for The Statesman, Indias leading English-language newspaper at the time, was guest editor of Roopa-Lekha, the Indian art magazine, and became a member of the All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society. Koons helped organize the first International Art Exhibition held in India and was instrumental in the founding of the National Art Gallery of India.
In 1946, after his discharge from the army, Irv Koons returned to New York where he enrolled in The New School and received his first major assignment, a series of forty illustrations for Simon & Schuster for Dodges first travel diary, How Green Was My Father. The assignment had been held for him until his arrival in New York by an editor who had seen some of the drawings he had sent from India to friends in lieu of letters. He set up a studio in the basement of Louisa May Alcotts former home in Greenwich Village, putting a drafting table near the window, where the light was good, and all the passers-by could stop and watch him drawing. Koons was given no instructions about what to illustrate, and he had not met Dodge or his family at this point. His drawings for the book were purely from his imagination and his interpretation of Dodges writing. After the book was published, reviewers remarked that Koons must know Mexico well. However, he had never been there; he illustrated aspects of Mexico that he guessed would be similar to India and adapted them based on Dodge's descriptions.
Koons went on to illustrate four more of Dodges books, How Lost Was My Weekend (1948), The Crazy Glasspecker (1949), 20,000 Leagues Behind the 8 Ball (1951), and The Poor Mans Guide to Europe (1953) - which had the working title Europe on the Half Shell (see image at right) - and he provided dust jacket art for a fifth, Time Out For Turkey (1955). He also contributed illustrations to a variety of periodicals like Fortune, Family Circle, Seventeen, Ladies Home Journal, Good Housekeeping, and Sports Illustrated.
Although he continued to illustrate David Dodges books until the mid-1950s, Irv Koons professional focus shifted from illustration to packaging and industrial design. In 1949, he founded his own consulting design firm, Irv Koons Associates, Inc. (IKA), in New York, for which he served as CEO and Creative Head. IKA was the leading packaging design firms for four decades, with more than two dozen employees at its height. In 1981, the firm was acquired by Saatchi & Saatchi, the worlds largest advertising agency at the time. In November 1988, Koons resigned from the Saatchi organization to join the United Nations Development Programme as Senior Advisor to the Administrator, a volunteer appointment.
Before settling into package and product design, Koons provided numerous illustrations for advertisements, then quickly transitioned into creating entire advertising campaigns. IKAs first packaging design client was Consolidated Cigar Corporation in 1953, for whom he provided cigar box designs for Yorkshire Cigars, a private label brand for Sears. In 1956, Koons accepted an assignment for Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, Inc., manufacturer of Seven Crown whiskey. Shortly thereafter, C.F. Mueller Company, a New Jersey pasta manufacturer, joined the client list. All three of these relationships lasted for decades during which time IKA created packages for multiple brands.
Koons worked on projects for numerous companies and organizations designing packaging, advertisements and logos, leaflets, brochures, and booklets. Among his best-known clients were Revlon, Bristol Myers / Clairol, Gillette, Nabisco, Milton Bradley Company, General Foods, Johnson & Johnson, Proctor & Gamble, Scott Paper Company, American Can Company, and American Home Products. He worked on the design or redesign of some of the most recognizable products in America, including Crest toothpaste, Dixie Cups, Band-Aid adhesive bandages, Scotties facial tissues, Maxwell House coffee, Chun King foods, Alpo pet food, and many more. His design for Good & Plenty candy and numerous other designs are still in use today. His iconic bottle design for Frïs Vodka has been seen on television in such programs as Star Trek: Enterprise and Babylon 5.
Koons also designed items, including advertising and publications, for various non-profits and Jewish organizations such as American Cancer Society, The Legal Aid Society, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, United Cerebral Palsy, the American Jewish Tercentenary, the American Jewish Heritage Commission, the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, and several synagogues and community centers. For over twenty years he served as the design and graphics consultant for both the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Koons also created Jewish art pieces, including a complete set of eight Torah ornaments for the Temple Emanu-El in Englewood (now Closter), New Jersey. Cast in solid silver with gold plated highlights and antiquing, which Koons did by hand himself, this was the first such coordinated set of ornaments ever executed. The designs were based on the burning bush, with each breastplate depicting a different interpretation of the eight most important events in the history of the Jewish people; the crowns symbolized the flames. In 1960, he designed and executed a massive (50 feet wide x 9 feet tall) memorial wall comprising seven stained-glass windows depicting Biblical events for a conference hall at the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York.
Koons won numerous awards for marketing, packaging, and advertising. In 1982 he was named the Packaging Person of the Year by the Packaging Designers Council. This was a rare award, having been presented only three times before, and only when the Council thought it warranted. The award presentation and dinner was originally scheduled to take place at the Plaza Hotel in New York City in a room intended to hold about fifty attendees. However, the PDC received such an overwhelming response from designers, friends, and students from around the world who wanted to attend that the event had to be moved at the last minute to a larger venue at the St. Regis New York.
His products won Clio Awards several times, including three gold Clios, and his work is included in the collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, the Jewish Museum (Manhattan), the Hagley Museum and Library, and Yeshiva University Museum. In 2001, Irv Koons was included in 2000 Outstanding Artists and Designers of the 20th Century, published by the International Biographical Centre in Cambridge, England.
Throughout his nearly fifty-year career, Koons worked tirelessly to promote a better understanding of the role of packaging in the successful marketing of commercial products and a greater appreciation for the historical importance of packaging. He lectured and taught extensively and, in 1973, developed a three-day Fundamentals of Packaging course for the New York University School of Continuing Education that included intensive professional seminars on packaging design and product marketing. He later expanded his seminar to reach international audiences in London, São Paulo, Amsterdam, Joannesburg, Israel, and elsewhere.
After his retirement, Koons established Irv Koons Design, an independent design consulting firm, at his home in Tenafly, New Jersey. He also did freelance design work. When Leah moved into the Lillian Booth Actors Home in Englewood, New Jersey, Irv moved into a basement apartment (complete with artists studio) in his son Jons home - conveniently located less than a block away from the Actors Home - so that he could visit her each afternoon.
Irv Koons eventually moved into the Actors Home himself. He died there on September 10, 2017. Leah died on February 18, 2019. They are both buried in Calverton National Cemetery in Calverton, New York.
David Dodges Books Illustrated by Irv Koons
- How Green Was My Father. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1947. [cover]
- How Lost Was My Weekend. New York: Random House, 1948. [cover]
- The Crazy Glasspecker. New York: Random House, 1949. [cover]
- 20,000 Leagues Behind the 8 Ball. New York: Random House, 1951. [cover]
- The Poor Mans Guide to Europe. New York: Random House, 1953. [cover]
- Revised edition 1954 [cover]
- Revised edition 1955 [cover]
- Revised edition 1956 [cover]
- Revised edition 1957 [cover image unlocated]
- Revised edition 1958 [cover]
- Revised edition 1959 [cover]
- Time Out for Turkey. New York: Random House, 1955. [cover image coming soon!]
Two of Irv Koons interior illustrations for The Poor Mans Guide to Europe (1953)
- Fay, Leah. Irv Koons, Graphis 15, no. 83 (May/June 1959): 258-261.
- Porter, Glenn. Cultural Forces and Commercial Constraints: Designing Packaging in the Twentieth-Century United States, Journal of Design History, 12, no. 1 (1999): 25-43.
- Steinberger, Staci. Selling the Silent Salesman: Irv Koons and Mid-Twentieth Century Packaging Design (MA Thesis, University of Delaware, 2009).
- Stern, Adele H. Hes an Artist in Any Outfit, The Record (Hackensack, N.J.) (January 14, 1961), retrieved via Newspapers.com, March 6, 2021.
- Personal interviews with Irv Koons, October 2012.
- Irv Koons on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irv_Koons
- Irv Koons Design, via the Internet Archive: http://web.archive.org/web/20161112172057/http://irvkoonsdesign.com/index.html/
- Irv Koons Papers, Hagley Museum & Library (Wilmington, Delaware): https://findingaids.hagley.org/repositories/3/resources/963
- Irv Koons Papers, Yeshiva University Museum (Center for Jewish History, New York, N.Y.): https://archives.cjh.org//repositories/6/resources/59
- Irving [sic] Louis Koons, Cooper Hewitt (New York, N.Y.): https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/people/18064185/bio
- Irv Koons Papers, The Bancroft Library (Berkeley, California): https://oac.cdlib.org/search?style=oac4;Institution=UC%20Berkeley::Bancroft%20Library;titlesAZ=I;idT=UCb204121863
Left: Scene from Star Trek: Enterprise featuring a Frïs Vodka bottle | Right: Leah and Irv Koons with Randal Brandt, October 2012
Randal Brandt, November 2009; updated March 2021
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